Old Hyde Park Historic District, National Register of Historic Places


Old Hyde Park Historic District

The Old Hyde Park Historic District is comprised of two residential areas bounded by Linwood and Armour boulevards, Central Street, Gillham Road, and 39th Street. The district is limited mainly to properties constructed as residences along Central, Baltimore, Wyandotte, Warwick, Walnut and numbered side streets. Properties along Man Street and Broadway are excluded from the district.

Most of the area included in the Old Hyde Park Historic District was platted as portions of the Hyde Park subdivision between 1886 and 1901. Small fragments of the district comprise other plats, such as Hanover Place platted in 1886. These subdivisions were formed from farmland adjacent to the pre-Civil War town of Westport that had been owned by families associated with Westport and the western expansion, such as J.J. Mastin, Seth and Hugh Ward, and John Harris. Hyde Park was annexed by Kansas City in 1897 as part of a large tract of land, extending approximately from 31st Street south to Brush Creek and from the state line east to Prospect.

Included in the Old Hyde Park Historic District are single-family residents, duplexes and multi-family apartments, the majority constructed before World War I. Sixty-seven of the extant single-family residences were built between 1887 and 1899. Two hundred and thirty-one of the contributing structures were built between 1900 and 1909.

The single-family residences represent the variety of architectural fashions popular form the end of the nineteenth century through World War I. While a few architect-designed properties are included n the district, the majority are vernacular house forms embellished with stylistic elements. The locally popular “Kansas City Shirtwaist,” a variation of the midwestern foursquare house, predominates.

Multi-unit dwellings were constructed in the district from the beginning. Prior to 1910, over eighty-percent of the construction was for single-family residences. However, after 1910 tat trend shifted as increased population demands necessitated the construction of multi-unit buildings. Between 1910 and World War I sixty-five percent of the residential construction contained multiple units. The number increased to eighty-five percent in the decade following the war.

The most prolific type of multi-unit dwelling in the district is the Colonnaded apartment. These two to three story, brick buildings typically contain four to six apartment units. Front porches elevated on columns and piers of different orders distinguish them. The columns range form simple, posts to full-eight, fluted Corinthian designs.

Nelle E. Peters, the area’s leading female architect, designed eight apartment buildings that are included in the district. Twelve buildings by McKecknie and his firm McKecknie & Trask are included in the district.

During the period of peak construction in the district, between 1900 and 1909, Kansas City experienced a tremendous growth in population. There was a great need for housing, and many developers purchased groups of lots on which they built houses, rapidly filling entire blocks. Several developers constructed a dozen or more homes on a single block within a single year.

Residents and houses of note include:

W.M. Reid, 100 E. 36th Street; 1899; architect: Root & Siemens
Alfred Toll, 121 E. 36th Street; c. 1888; Queen Anne
Grant J. Rosenzweig, 3740 Gillham Road; 1920; architect: Clifton B. Sloan; Neoclassical
William a. Nettleton, 3525 Walnut; 1899; Stick Style
Frank Siegal, 3530 Walnut; 1896; Kansas City Shirtwaist
William Knight, 3534 Walnut; 1890; Stick Style
Edwin J. Becker, 3800 Walnut; 1895; Queen Anne
William F. Shelley, 31 W. 36th Street; 1887-89; Queen Anne